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The letter ر

Isolated form
ر
Letter name
raa = رَاء
Pronunciation
'r' with tap of the tongue against the roof of the mouth (see video below)*
Connector
No

All the letters will now have a pronunciation explainer video like the one below:

And now with the short vowels, like the videos before:

ر is pronounced slightly differently to English ‘r’. It has a tapping of the tongue against the roof of your mouth, as in table below with دَرَس.

The ‘r’ sound can also be doubled: رّ makes a trilled sound, like برّا in the table below. This sounds is distinctive to Romance languages like Spanish and Italian, like the Spanish ‘carro’. This trilled sound is difficult for native English speakers. This will be covered in detail in the next section.

Final
Connected only to the letter before it.
ـر
بَرَّا
outside

Medial
-
-
-
Initial
-
-
-
Isolated
Written alone or after a non-connecting letter.
ر
دَرَس
he studied

Exercise 1: Joining together letters

Please join up these individual letters to form words.

Example: زِ + ر = زِر = button

  1. رَ + مْ + ز
  2. رَ + سْ + م 
  3. وَ + رْ + دِ + ة 
  4. رِ + ز 
  5. زَ + رَ + ا + ف + ة 
  6. رَ + ا + كُ + و + ن
  7. رَ + ا + س 
  8. بَ + ا + رِ + ي + س

Answers

  1. رَ + مْ + ز = رَمْز = Symbol
  2. رَ + سْ + م = رَسْم = Drawing 
  3. وَ + رْ + دِ + ة = وَرْدِة = Flower
  4. رِ + ز = رِز = Rice
  5. زَ + رَ + ا + ف + ة = زَرَافة = Giraffe
  6. رَ + ا + كُ + و + ن = رَاكُون =  Raccoon
  7. رَ + ا + س = رَاس = Head
  8. بَ + ا + رِ + ي + س = بَارِيس = Paris