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The letter ظ

Isolated form
ظ
Letter name
DHaa = ظَاء
Pronunciation
It is pronounced like ‘z’*
Connector
Yes
Final
Connected only to the letter before it.
ـظ
لَفِظ
pronunciation

Medial
Connected to the letter before and after it.
ـظـ
عَظِيم
great

Initial
Connected only to the letter after it.
ظـ
وَظِيفَة
assignment

Isolated
Written alone or after a non-connecting letter.
ظ
-

*Languge note: why is there another pronunciation of ‘z’? How is this ’emphatic’?

The Classical or الفصحى sound of ظ was an emphatic counterpoint to ذ. But this distinct sound is ignored in most Levantine dialects. 

This unfortunately means there are three potential spellings of the sound ‘z’ in Levantine Arabic: ز ذ ظ

Exercise 1: Joining together letters

Please join up these individual letters to form words.

Example: ظَ + لَ + ا + م = ظَلَام Darkness

  1. نِ + ظَ + ا  م
  2. نَ + ظَ + رِ + يِّ + ة
  3. وَ + ظِ + ي + فَ + ة
  4. م + وَ + ظَّ + ف
  5. ظُ + رُ + و + ف 
  6. ظَ + ا + هِ + رَ + ة
  7. مَ + ظْ + هَ + ر

Answers

  1. نِ + ظَ + ا  م = نِظَام = System / Regime
  2. نَ + ظَ + رِ + يِّ + ة = نَظَرِيِّة = Theory
  3. وَ + ظِ + ي + فَ + ة = وَظِيفَة  = Function / Homework
  4. م + وَ + ظَّ + ف = موَظَّف = Employee
  5. ظُ + رُ + و + ف = ظُرُوف = Circumstances
  6. ظَ + ا + هِ + رَ + ة = ظَاهِرَة = Phenomenon 
  7. مَ + ظْ + هَ + ر = مَظْهَر = Appearance