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The letter ي

Isolated form
ي
Letter name
yaa = يَاء
Pronunciation
Longer 'ii' sound or 'y'
Connector
Yes

ي can be pronunced ‘y’ as a consonant (as in the video above), or a ‘ii’ as a vowel, like و, depending on context:

Pronunciation
Example
1. ‘y’ like yellow
أَيمْتَى
when

2. ‘ii’ like eagle
تَانِي
what

ي is a connector, like the letters ب ت ث and ن that we have seen already:

Final
Connected only to the letter before it.
ـي
فِي
there is

Medial
Connected to the letter before and after it.
ـيـ
كِيف
how

Initial
Connected only to the letter before it.
يـ
أَيمْتَى
when

Isolated
Written alone or after a non-connecting letter.
ي
-

Memory Aid

When the camel rider falls off his trusty steed, he makes a yeeeee sound.

The video below summarise the different pronunciation differences for the letters: ا و ي

Exercise 1: Joining together letters

Please join up these individual letters to form words.

Again, remember to read from right to left in Arabic!

Example:  تُتِ = تُ + تِ

  1. تِ + ي + ن
  2. ب + ي + ت
  3. ب + ي + ن
  4. بِ + يُ + و + ت
  5. يُ + و + ت + يُ + و + ب
  6. ا + ل + ي + و + نَ + ا + ن
  7. و + ي + ن

Answers

  1. تِ + ي + ن = تِين = fig
  2. ب + ي + ت = بيت = house
  3. ب + ي + ن = بين = between / among
  4. بِ + يُ + و + ت = بِيُوت = houses
  5. يُ + و + ت + يُ + و + ب = يُوتيُوب = Youtube
  6. ا + ل + يُ + و + نَ + ا + ن = اليُونَان = Greece
  7. و + ي + ن = وين = where